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What first aid measures should be taken when eating desiccant by mistake
Release Date：2022-07-01 View：571
At present, many packages of daily necessities may contain desiccants, such as candy, cookies or household appliances, in order to extend the service life of items. But some people are careless and eat desiccant carelessly. Or the children feel curious and chew the desiccant in their mouth. So, how to deal with the accidental consumption of desiccant in an emergency?
Desiccants can be roughly divided into: iron oxide, silica gel, calcium oxide, calcium chloride; The other two are white powders. Here are the different treatment methods for eating different desiccants by mistake:
① Ferric oxide is brown. The irritation of this desiccant is relatively weak. Just dilute it and drink more water. If you take a large amount of it and have symptoms such as nausea, abdominal pain and diarrhea, you must seek medical attention immediately.
② Silica gel is translucent and granular, which is a commonly used desiccant. It has a porous structure and a large adsorption area, and can adsorb a variety of substances. In the gastrointestinal tract, silica gel cannot be absorbed and can be excreted through feces, which is non-toxic. Even if you take it by mistake, you don't need to do special treatment.
③ Calcium oxide is a white or grayish white block, namely quicklime, which has a very powerful function of absorbing moisture in the air. Because calcium oxide releases heat in the process of changing into calcium hydroxide when encountering water, it will burn the mouth or esophagus. Calcium hydroxide is alkaline and corrosive to the oropharynx and esophagus. If splashed into the eyes, it will cause damage to the conjunctiva and cornea. If you eat it by mistake, you should take milk or water orally immediately. Do not induce vomiting. Adults should take 120 ~ 240 ml, and children should take 10 ml per kilogram of body weight. The total amount should be less than 200 ml. if you drink too much water, it may induce vomiting.
Remember not to neutralize with acid, because the heat released during the reaction can aggravate the damage. If desiccant splashes into eyes, rinse with water and normal saline from nose to ear as soon as possible for at least 15 minutes, and then send to hospital. Those whose skin is contaminated should be rinsed with plenty of water, and those who are serious can be treated as chemical burns.
④ Calcium chloride is a white crystal in anhydrous state, most of which are granular, massive or flaky. It has strong water absorption performance and becomes liquid after water absorption. It is mostly used for dehumidification in large spaces. The treatment after contact is similar to calcium oxide.
To sum up, the editor of Shenzhen Minghui antibacterial Technology Co., Ltd. shared with you the relevant contents of what first-aid measures should be taken when eating desiccants by mistake. If you encounter such situations, you can use them in an emergency. If you want to know more, you can go to our official website.